A colonoscopy is an operation that allows a doctor to see into your big intestine. This operation is carried out using a flexible camera known as a scope. Colonoscopy Austin can also be used to examine for symptoms like bleeding, polyps, and other indicators of colon cancer. Pregnant women cannot undergo colonoscopy screening.

An overview of colonoscopy

During a colonoscopy, your physician examines your big intestine, particularly the colon, for abnormalities or illness. Also, the specialist will use a thin, flexible tube attached to a light and camera (colonoscope). The colon plays a role in the development of the lower gastrointestinal tract. Your colon consumes food, absorbs nutrients, and excretes waste. The rectum links the colon to your anus. The anus is the opening in your body via which excrement is discharged. During a colonoscopy, your doctor may obtain tissue samples for biopsy or remove unhealthy tissue, such as polyps.

The procedure of colonoscopy

A colonoscopy normally takes between 30 and 60 minutes. Conversely, you should set aside 2-3 hours for the surgery to allow preparation and recovery time. Before the surgery, you will be given a sedative, either orally or intravenously. The colonoscope will be inserted into the rectum by the doctor. The clinician may inflate it with air or carbon dioxide to better view the colon. When this happens, or the doctor adjusts the colonoscope, you may experience stomach pain or need to pass feces. These are the usual side effects. If the doctor determines that a biopsy or removal of aberrant tissue is required, more devices will be inserted into the rectum.

Prepare for a colonoscopy if you’re pregnant

A colonoscopy during pregnancy is usually only suggested when required; however, it is reasonably safe for the pregnant mother and the baby. If it is only for a routine check, your doctor may advise you to wait until after you have given birth. Because nutrition is crucial during pregnancy, you should consult your doctor about bowel preparation and what sorts of laxatives, if any, would be necessary and safe to use.

What occurs if there are abnormalities?

Suppose a doctor discovers regions of abnormal tissue during a checkup, such as polyps. In that case, they will typically remove them and send them to a laboratory to assess if they are malignant or benign (noncancerous). Polyps are growths on the rectum or colon’s inner wall. The vast majority are harmless. If the doctor removes polyps or other problematic tissue, they may advise you to have regular repeat colonoscopies. The frequency with which they should occur is determined by the size and number of polyps and other risk factors.


A colonoscopy is a frequent, essential, and reasonably safe screening procedure used to explore gastrointestinal problems and look for indicators of colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer risk factors and older persons may require frequent colonoscopies to evaluate their intestinal health. The treatment is usually not unpleasant, although it may cause slight discomfort for a day or so afterward. Those who have questions regarding colonoscopy procedures should speak with their doctor. Call Lone Star Gastroenterology or book your consultation online to learn more about the ideal colonoscopy procedures for you.